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A Ted Hughes Website

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Broadbottom Farm, Mytholmroyd, Yorkshire
Broadbottom Farm, Mytholmroyd, Yorkshire. Mytholmroyd is the small town in Yorkshire, where Ted Hughes was born in 1930.

Criticism: Individual Essays & Articles, Theses

 

The following is a list of more recent essays, articles which have been published in various magazines, newspapers or books. The list does also include unpublished theses.

The list is alphabetical by author. 

A–C

Bere, Carol:

»›Owning the Facts of His Life‹: Ted Hughes's The Birthday Letters« [On-line essay] .
In The Literary Review, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Summer 1998): pp. 556-561.
I am indebted to Carol and Walter Cummins of The Literary Review for making this available here.

»›How Precisely the Job Can Be Done‹: Ted Hughes's Moortown«.
In The Literary Review 24, Spring 1981, pp. 427-434; rpt. in Scigaj (ed.): Critical Essays on Ted Hughes; rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism (Gale Research, Detroit, MI, 1986, 1998).

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Brownjohn, Sandy:

»Inspired by Ted«.
In The Times Educational Supplement, Friday Magazine, June 11, 1999.

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Clanchy, Kate:

»The Nationalisation of Ted Hughes«. [On-line essay].
In Thumbscrew 14, autumn 1999.
Accessible from the Thumbscrew web site.  

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D–G

Davids, Roy:

»Memories, Reflections, Gratitudes – A Celebration of Ted Hughes« [poem, on-line]

»Sheep in Fog – An Appreciation of Ted's Hughes's Essay ›Sylvia Plath: The Evolution of »Sheep in Fog«‹« [On-line essay]

»Archives« [On-line essay]
– an unpublished letter explaining why so many modern archives are sold to institutions outside the United Kingdom.

»Shakespeare« [On-line essay]
– an unpublished appreciation of Ted Hughes's Shakespeare and the Goddess of Complete Being (1999)

All these pieces are accessible on the web site Roy Davids Ltd.

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Eddins, Dwight:

»Ted Hughes and Schopenhauer«
In 20th Century Literature, 45:1, Spring 1999, pp. 94–109.

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Elkin, Roger:

»Hidden Influences in the Poetry of Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath«
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Gammage, Nick:

»›The Nature of The Goddess‹: Ted Hughes and Robert Graves«.
In Patrick Quinn (Ed): New Perspectives on Robert Graves. Susquehanna University Press, 1999.
A paper by Nick Gammage discussing the relationship between Graves's The White Goddess and Ted Hughes's work.

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Gifford, Terry:

Interview with Fay Godwin on Remains of Elmet and Elmet.
In Thumbscrew, No 18, Spring 2001, pp. 114–117.

»Further Ted«. [On-line essay].
In The Yorkshire Post, Thursday, 19 June 1997.
This is an article on the acquisition of Ted Hughes's manuscripts by Emory University, Atlanta. Further information on this may also be found on the Emory Archives page.

»Laureate of Nature: Ted Hughes«.
Chapter six in Green Voices: Understanding Contemporary Nature Poetry, Manchester UP, 1995, pp 114-39.

»The Fate of Ted Hughes's Papers«.[On-line essay] .
In Thumbscrew 14, autumn 1999.
Accessible from the Thumbscrew web site.

»A Return to ›The Wound‹ by Ted Hughes«. [On-line essay]
In Kingfisher I, 1978 (46–53).
In this essay, Terry discusses Ted Hughes's play »The Wound« and the original version of Cave Birds. He has kindly supplied it for re-publication on this site.  

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H–J

Hadley, Edward:

»Ted Hughes as an Elegist ...«

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Heaney, Seamus:

»A wounded power rises from the depths«.
In The Irish Times: Jan. 27 1998.

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Ingelbien, Raphaël:

»Mapping the Misreadings: Ted Hughes, Seamus Heaney, and Nationhood.«
In Contemporary Literature, 40.4 (Winter 1999): 627-58.

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K–M

Kaußen, Wolfgang:

»Das Gedächtnis«.
In Insel Almanach auf das Jahr 2000. Gedanken zum 20. Jahrhundert. Insel Verlag, 1999.
Wolfgang Kaußen's piece on the memorial at Westminster Abbey in Mai 1999. The book also contains Jutta Kaußen's translation of »Prometheus on his Crag /Had such an advantageous prospect«.

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Kazzer, Claas:

»Nachwort: Wie Dichtung entsteht.«
In Ted Hughes: Wie Dichtung Entsteht Essays. Insel/Suhrkamp, publication date is spring 2001.
This is the afterword for a selection of essays translated into German. It attempts a general overview of some of the underlying aspects behind the essays.

»Difficulties of a Bridegroom«.
In Bertrand Rougé (Ed): Q/W/E/R/T/Y 9. Publications de l'Universite de Pau, 1999
This essay attempts to explore the context of Ted Hughes's books for children. They are seen as an integral part of the work that may inform our reading of his books for adults. Among the topics treated is the link between the Creation Tales and Crow.

»Phantasie und innere Heilung: Ted Hughes' Bücher für Kinder und Erwachsene.«
In Inklings Jahrbuch.
Another article on Hughes's books for children. Among the topics are Ted Hughes's The Iron Man and The Iron Woman.

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Moulin, Joanny:

»Ted Hughes, poète postmoderne ?«
In De Joyce à Stoppard, Écritures de la modernité, ed. Adolphe Haberer, Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 1991, 185-98.

»Le mimologisme de Ted Hughes«,
In Études Britanniques Contemporaines 1 (1992), 89-103.

»'Out there': l'altérité dans les poèmes de Ted Hughes«
In L'altérité dans la culture du monde anglophone, Le Mans: publications de l'Université du Maine, (1993), 133-141.

»Ted Hughes, le chaman lauréat«
In Études anglaises 48.2 (1995): 173-83.

»Transcultural Identities in the Poems of Philippe Jaccottet and Ted Hughes«
In Études Britanniques Contemporaines 8 (1995), 37-50.

»La jouissance dans les poèmes de Ted Hughes«
In Le corps dans tous ses états, ed. Marie-Claire Rouyer, Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux, 1995, 209-26.

»History and Reason in the Work of Ted Hughes« [On-line essay] .
In History in Literature, ed. Hoda Gindi, Department of English, University of Cairo, 1995, 67-83.

»Hughes with Barthes: mytho-poetic icons«[On-line essay] .
Contribution to the ESSE Conference (European Society for the Study of English) in Glasgow (UK), September 1995

»Krogon and Moa are Hoan: a Philosophical Approach to Ted Hughes' Cosmology«[On-line essay] .
Contribution to the Second Conference of the Hellenic Association for the Study of English, Athens (Greece), March 1996,

»Ted Hughes: mort d'un chaman«
In Études anglaises 52-1 (1999): 69-73.

»Cosmologie discrète dans les New Selected Poems 1957-1994 de Ted Hughes« In Études Anglaises, 52: 4 (octobre-décembre 1999), 435-447.

»Hughes with Shakespeare, or the Night of the Tragic Equation«
In La nuit chez Shakespeare & ses contemporains: l'invisible présence, Ed. Simone Kadi, Presses Universitaires de Valenceinnes, 2000, 295-303.

»Ted Hughes and Myths for Kiddies«
In Can Poetry Make Anything Happen? La poésie dans l'enseignement de l'anglais, Eds. Helen Goethals & Adolphe HABERER, Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 2001, 19-25.

»Ted Hughes (1930-1998): Before and Since«
EJES (European Journal of English Studies) April 2002.

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Myers, Lucas:

»Crow Steered / Bergs Appeared: Additional Notes and Minor Corrections.«. [On-line material] .
Very interesting additional material on Lucas Myers's book.

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N–Q

Paul, Lissa:

»Telling Stories for Children and Adults: The Writings of Ted Hughes«
Diss. York University, Toronto, Ca. 1984;

Lissa Paul is also author of several articles on Ted Hughes's children's books, like:

»Inside the Lurking-glass with Ted Hughes«.
In Signal, Jan. 1986, pp. 52-63,

»Intimations of Imitations: Mimesis, Fractal Geometry and Children's Literature«.
In Signal, May 1989, pp. 128-37.

Signal Approaches to Children's Books annually awards The Signal Poetry Award, which was given to Ted Hughes for several of his publications. A major aim of the award is the critical writing it generates. Therefore, over the years, Signal published several Poetry Award articles on Hughes. The January 1999 issue contains a short evaluation of his work by Peter Hunt and Lissa Paul. You will find further information on the Signal Web Site.

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R–T

Read, Vanessa S.:

»Aspects of Survival in the Poetry of D.H. Lawrence and Ted Hughes«.
Thesis, University of Pretoria, 1995.

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Roberts, Neil:

»Hughes, the Laureateship and National Identity«.
In Bertrand Rougé (Ed): Q/W/E/R/T/Y 9.1999. [Now On-line on this site!]

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Sagar, Keith:

»Alcestis«: [On-line essay] .
Introductory Talk on Alcestis for the Performance at the Lowry in Salford, by Northern Broadsides.
This talk »puts Alcestis in the context first of Greek theatre, then of Hughes' life and work«.

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Michael Shapiro:

»Buried Rhythms: The Alliterative Tradition in 19th and 20th Century Poetry«,
Diss. UMI, 1998.
The dissertation is available on microform through UMI; UMI microform number: 9829842.

Details: An entire chapter of this dissertation is dedicated to Ted Hughes's work. Other poets examined are Gerard Manley Hopkins, W.H. Auden, Richard Wilbur, Robert Penn Warren, Tony Harrison and Geoffrey Hill:

»Following the Norman Conquest, alliterative/ accentual verse faded. The new accentual/syllabic tradition rose to prominence in the 12th century and, except for occasional appearances by other meters, remained dominant until the 19th. Poets of the 19th and 20th centuries have revived, both consciously and unconsciously, the alliterative/ accentual prosody of Old and Middle English poetry.

This ›recovery‹ is both prosodic and political, participating in and reflecting upon both the metrical revolutions beginning in the 19th century and the cultural, social and economic changes of the recent past. Although the form has become associated with ›unorthodox‹ or alternative traditions of western thought and is often used as a meter with which to defy the epistemes associated with the pentameter tradition, alliterative meters also encode a radical ethnic, national and prosodic conservatism.

The roundabout way in which this older tradition was received by poets like Coleridge and Hopkins seemed to lend credence to the theory that accentual meters were the native and natural verse rhythm of English speech and poetry, and this reception justified the nationalism with which 19th c. philologists constructed a model of English language origins.

Ted Hughes's poetry comments directly on the dual reception of alliterative/ accentual rhythms and makes use of its contingencies to negotiate a reconciliation between the worlds of inner and outer experience.«

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Skea, Ann:

since 1998 Ann has published several of her essays and reviews on-line. Further details and access through her web site: http://ann.skea.com/.

»Poetry and Magic«[On-line Book] .
(based on Ann's talk at the Ted Hughes conference in Lyon): The first chapter of a series of essays exploring the function of Cabbala and Tarot in Ted Hughes's Birthday Letters.

»Ted Hughes and British Bardic Tradition« [On-line essay] .
(a talk originally given at the University of Cairo, December, 1994).

»Wolf-Masks: From Hawk to Wolfwatching« [On-line essay] .
(first published in Scigaj (ed.), Critical Essays on Ted Hughes). http://ann.skea.com/.

»Regeneration in Ted Hughes' Remains of Elmet«. [On-line essay] http://ann.skea.com/.

»Ted Hughes and Crow«. [On-line essay] . http://ann.skea.com/.

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Sweeney, Matthew:

»Ted Hughes: A Personal Appreciation«.
In The Poetry Book Society Bulletin, No 180, Spring 1999.

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Swift, Graham:

»Fishing, Writing and Ted«.
In Granta, No. 65, Spring 1999.

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U–Z

Richard Webster

»›The Thought-Fox‹ and the poetry of Ted Hughes« [On-line essay]
The Critical Quartely,
Vol, 26, No. 4, Winter 1984. Available on Richard Webster's site http://www.richardwebster.net/hughes.html

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Wright, Carolyne:

»What Happens in the Heart«.
In The Poetry Review, Vol 89, No 3, 1999.

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